Sustainable Travelling: How to Plan an Eco-Friendly Tour

13 May 2024

Sustainable Travelling: How to Plan an Eco-Friendly Tour Without Sacrificing Fun

Travelling is one of the most rewarding and enriching experiences we can have. However, it is important to do it in a sustainable way to reduce our environmental impact and preserve the beauty of our planet for future generations. Planning an eco-friendly tour does not mean having to give up fun or comfort. With a few shrewd and conscious choices, you can enjoy a wonderful and responsible trip. In this article, we will look at how to plan a sustainable trip step by step.

1. Choosing Sustainable Destinations

What is a Sustainable Destination?

A sustainable destination is a place that promotes green practices, protects the environment and supports local communities. These destinations often have infrastructure and services designed to reduce environmental impact.

Examples of Sustainable Destinations

  • Slovenia: With its green tourism policies and numerous national parks.
  • Costa Rica: Famous for its nature reserves and ecotourism.
  • Iceland: With its renewable energies and unspoilt landscapes.

2. Opting for Environmentally Friendly Means of Transport

Environmentally Friendly Means of Transport

Choosing means of transport that reduce CO2 emissions is crucial for sustainable travel.


The train is one of the most environmentally friendly means of transport, especially for medium- and long-distance travel. In Europe, for example, it is possible to travel comfortably by train between different cities and countries.


Buses, especially long-distance buses, are a more sustainable alternative to planes. Many companies offer efficient and comfortable services.


For those who love adventure and physical activity, travelling by bicycle is an ideal option. You can rent bicycles in many cities and tourist destinations.

3. Choosing Eco-Friendly Accommodation

Characteristics of Sustainable Housing

Eco-friendly accommodations are facilities that adopt sustainable practices to reduce environmental impact. Here are some features to look for:

  • Environmental Certifications: Search for hotels and B&Bs with certifications such as Green Key or EarthCheck.
  • Renewable Energy: Facilities using solar panels or other renewable energy sources.
  • Water SavingSystems that implement water recycling and water consumption reduction systems.
  • Local and Organic FoodAccommodation offering local, seasonal and organic food.

Examples of Eco-Friendly Accommodation

  • Eco-lodge: Lodges surrounded by nature that promote sustainable practices.
  • Farmhouses: Farms offering eco-friendly stays and local products.
  • Verdi Hotels: Hotels with eco-certification and sustainable practices.

4. Reducing Waste and Plastic Use

Waste Reduction Practices

Reducing waste while travelling is crucial for sustainable tourism. Here are some suggestions:

  • Reusable Water Bottle: Always carry a water bottle with you to avoid buying plastic bottles.
  • Reusable Shopping BagUse reusable bags for your purchases.
  • Zero WasteTry to produce as little waste as possible, preferring products without packaging or with biodegradable packaging.

Disposal of Disposable Plastic

Many single-use plastic items can be replaced with more sustainable alternatives.

  • Metal or Bamboo StrawsBring a reusable straw with you.
  • Food ContainersUse reusable containers for take-away meals.
  • Reusable CutleryTake a set of reusable cutlery with you to avoid plastic cutlery.

5. Supporting Local Economies

How to Support Local Communities

Supporting local economies is a crucial aspect of sustainable tourism. Here is how you can contribute:

  • Buying Local ProductsChoose local handicrafts and products instead of mass-produced souvenirs.
  • Eating in Local Restaurants: You prefer restaurants that use local and seasonal ingredients.
  • Participating in Guided Tours by Locals: Opt for tours organised by local guides, who know the territory and traditions well.

Examples of Local Businesses to Support

  • Regional Markets: Buy fruit, vegetables and other fresh produce at local markets.
  • Small EnterprisesSupport small businesses such as craft shops and cafés.
  • Non-Profit OrganisationsParticipate in tours or activities organised by local NGOs promoting sustainability.

6. Being Aware of Your Environmental Impact

Calculating One's Carbon Footprint

It is important to be aware of your environmental impact and try to reduce it. You can calculate your carbon footprint using online tools that consider your means of transport, accommodation and activities during your trip.

Offsetting CO2 Emissions

Many organisations offer the possibility to offset their CO2 emissions through reforestation or renewable energy projects. Investing in these projects can help balance your environmental impact.

7. Choosing Eco-Friendly Activities

Low Environmental Impact Activities

During your trip, choose activities that have a low environmental impact and respect nature.


Hiking is an excellent activity to explore nature without damaging it. Remember to follow marked trails and respect the local fauna and flora.

Snorkelling and Responsible Diving

If you love the sea, choose operators that promote sustainable snorkelling and diving practices, avoiding contact with corals and marine fauna.


Birdwatching is a quiet, nature-friendly activity that allows you to observe birds in their natural habitat.

Participating in Conservation Projects

Many destinations offer the opportunity to participate in conservation projects, such as protecting sea turtles or cleaning beaches. These activities not only help the environment, but also allow you to have meaningful and instructive experiences.


How can I make my journey more sustainable? You can make your trip more sustainable by choosing eco-friendly destinations and accommodation, opting for environmentally friendly means of transport, reducing waste and supporting local economies.

What are the most environmentally friendly means of transport? The most environmentally friendly means of transport are trains, buses and bicycles. These means reduce CO2 emissions compared to planes and private cars.

What are eco-friendly accommodations? Eco-friendly accommodations are facilities that adopt sustainable practices, such as using renewable energy, saving water and offering local and organic food.

How can I reduce waste while travelling? You can reduce waste by carrying a reusable water bottle, using reusable shopping bags and preferring products without packaging or with biodegradable packaging.

Why is it important to support local economies? Supporting local economies helps keep local traditions and cultures alive, reduces the environmental impact of transporting goods and contributes to the well-being of local communities.

Travelling sustainably requires some planning and awareness, but the benefits to the environment and local communities are immeasurable. Remember that every little action can make a difference and that travelling responsibly does not mean giving up fun, but rather having more authentic and rewarding experiences. Happy eco-friendly travel!